Glossary of Terms

updated 8/07/2014


Note: Opposing views will be aired when possible.




(Quantum) Electroweak Reconsiliation


Electromagnetic Radiation


Graviton: The particle that transmits the force of gravity. It has never been observed


Berry phase





Aharonov-Bohm effect [1]: In 1959, Yakir Aharonov and David Bohm proposed that a moving electron can have its phase (the phase of the electron’s wave function) altered by the vector potential of the electromagnetic field of a nearby object, without actually encountering the object or its magnetic field. Using an advanced form of electron microscope, in several sets of tests, Akira Tonomura demonstrated conclusively in 1982 and 1986 that the Aharonov-Bohm effect was real. “Physicists may differ in their interpretation of the AB effect, but no one doubts its existence”


Akashic Records [2]: A term used  to describe a compendium of knowledge said to be encoded in a non-physical plane of existence. These records are alleged  to contain all knowledge of human experience and the history of the cosmos.  Although the term has been attributed to the doctrine of religious philosophy and metaphysics originating with Helena Petrovna Blavatsky, called Theosophy, the concept is ancient, Akasha being a Sanskrit word meaning “ether: all pervading space. In Indian philosophy, akasha was considered the first and most fundamental of the five elements, the others being earth, air, fire,  and water; it is the womb from which everything we perceive with our senses has emerged and into which everything will ultimately return.   The acclaimed philosopher scientist Ervin Laszlo argues that the Akashic Record is known to science today as the Zero Point Field.


Ancestor Syndrome [3]: In the book The ancestor syndrome: Transgenerational psychotherapy and the hidden links in the family tree, 1968 London: Routledge, A.A. Schützenberger reveals that not discussing and sharing painful or shameful events or losses at the time ensures a legacy within subsequent generations with repeated or similar events (including disease) re-emerging.


Anthropic principle [4]: The philosophical consideration that observations of the physical Universe must be compatible with the conscious life that observes it. Some proponents of the anthropic principle reason that it explains why the Universe has the age and the fundamental physical constants necessary to accommodate conscious life. As a result, they believe it is unremarkable that the universe's fundamental constants happen to fall within the narrow range thought to be compatible with life


Ball Lightning [5]: Described as a luminous phenomenon occurring during thunderstorms. It is a mystery, however, that they should be visible not as a brief flash, i.e. just for microseconds, but exist for several seconds, i.e. a hundred thousand times as long as a flash of lightning. Besides such famous figures as the Roman philosopher Seneca, Pliny the Elder, Charlemagne and Henry II of England, in modern times the Nobel Prize winners in physics, Niels Bohr and Pjotr Kapitza, claim to have observed this phenomenon.


Bell’s Theorem : A mathematical proof of The EPR Thought Experiment was produced by J.S. Bell in 1964, and experimentally confirmed in 1982. At the University of Paris a research team led by physicist Alain Aspect proved J.S. Bell’s Theorem: they discovered that under certain circumstances subatomic particles such as electrons are able to instantaneously communicate with each other regardless of the distance separating them. Their experiment showed that the material universe is "non-local." This effect is not necessarily the result of a transfer of information, but could be a consequence of the one-ness of apparently separate objects.

Biocircuit [6] : (Also called relaxation circuit.) The standard types of biocircuit are copper and silk. The typical copper form is the Eeman circuit, which consists of two units; each unit consists of a copper handle attached to a copper screen by a length of wire. The copper screens are placed under a reclining subjects head and pelvis, and the cooper handles are held in the subject’s hands. A length of copper wire  connecting the two screens completes the Optimal Eeman biocircuit.

When polar opposites are connected together, whether within one subject, or between two or more subjects, the effects noted include greater relaxation, recovery from fatigue and disease, greater capacity for work, and better health. Peter Lindemann found that silk provides a cleaner, deeper, and subtler effect. It was found that these simple devises could also release blocked emotional energy stored in the body, and thus facilitate the kind of total energy rebalancing associated with "deep" work, such as Reichian Therapy, Rolfing, Hellerwork, and Bioenergetics. Biocircuits have been professionally recognized.


Bioenergyinformatic Science [7]: The scientific study of various types of quantifiable energy. These would include but are not limited to brain waves, neurological emanations, electrical field energetics, torsion fields, atomic and cellular radiation. This field of study focuses on how tangible and subtle energies interact within, between and among physical matter and biological systems. It addresses how the interaction of these energies promotes healing functions and anomalous phenomena. This scientific field is necessary when understanding and/or integrating all allopathic, holistic and integrative healing methods. 


Biophotons [8]: Ultra weak photon (light) emissions from the DNA of biological tissue. These emissions were originally discovered by discovered by Alexander G.Gurvich as "mitogenetic rays"; then rediscovered in the 1970 by European scientists. They are thought to form a primary communication system in the biological organism. 


Biophotonic Bandgap Crystals [9] : Photonic Bandgap Crystals have been discovered in living cells. That is to say, nature came up with  Photonic Bandgap Crystals before the human scientific community.


Biophotonic crystals [10]: Photonic crystals have been discovered in living tissue, and are called biophotonic crystals.


Black Hole War: A book written by Leonard Susskind which discusses The Black Hole War, a series of

discussions between Susskind and Stephen Hawking which eventually clarified, theoretically, black hole dynamics from an information content perspective.  As of 1983,  Steven Hawking believed that bits of information swallowed up by a black hole  were irretrievably lost.  He had proved that black holes eventually evaporate (Hawking radiation), leaving no trace of what has fallen in. Susskind and Gerard ‘t Hooft found this unacceptable. Information lost in any quantum mechanical process is impossible. Jacob Bekenstein showed  that a black hole's entropy - which is synonymous with its information content - is proportional to the surface area of its event horizon, so the information the black hole absorbs is not lost, but stored at the surface of the black hole.  Callan and Maldacena were able to use string theory to compute the rate at which ”almost extremal” black holes evaporate. Their results agreed exactly with Hawkin’s 20 year old method, except they had used only the conventional methods of quantum mechanics. But QM forbids information loss, so there is no possibility that information could be lost during the evaporation process. Thus there is no information loss in black hole dynamics. and Stephen Hawing lost the Black Hole War. [11]


Bose-Einstein Condensate [12]: Einstein found that the equations he derived from using the Bose-Einstein Statistics predicted there would not be much difference in the behavior of atoms except at very low temperatures. As the temperature decreases, atoms would move from many energy levels to fewer energy levels. At the lowest temperature, all the atomic activity of certain materials will be constrained to a single lowest energy level. The atoms in the lowest energy level cannot be distinguished from one another, and are called a Bose-Einstein Condensate. The Bose-Einstein Condensate is “coherent”, and has unusual properties, including  superconductivity.


Bose-Einstein Statistics [13]: In the early 1920s Satyendra Nath Bose was studying the idea that the light came in little discrete packets which we now call "quanta" or "photons." Bose assumed certain rules for deciding when two photons should be counted up as either identical or different. Einstein guessed that these same rules might apply to atoms. He worked out the theory for how atoms would behave in a gas if these new rules applied. He found that the equations predicted there would not be much difference, except at very low temperatures. We now call these rules "Bose statistics" (or sometimes "Bose-Einstein statistics".

Bosons: Subatomic particles which obeys Bose–Einstein statistics. Several bosons can occupy the same quantum state, in which case they are termed “coherent”. Bosons, such as photons,  are associated with force. 

Cellular automata [14]: A cellular automaton is a collection of "colored" cells on a grid of specified shape that evolves through a number of discrete time steps according to a set of rules based on the states of neighboring cells. The rules are then applied iteratively for as many time steps as desired. von Neumann was one of the first people to consider such a model, and incorporated a cellular model into his "universal constructor." Cellular automata, of great interest in non-linear dynamics,  were studied in the early 1950s as a possible model for biological systems. Comprehensive studies of cellular automata have been performed by S. Wolfram starting in the 1980s, and Wolfram's fundamental research in the field culminated in the publication of his book A New Kind of Science (Wolfram 2002) Wolfram concluded these ‘models’ are in some sense important to the understanding of real physical systems.

Chaos Theory : Also known as the theory of non-linear dynamics. The science of detecting order in apparent randomness. Interdiciplinary in nature, it includes the fields of math, physics, biology, ecology, and  meteorology. Fundamental is the notion that nonlinear equations are sensitive to initial conditions. Benoit Mendelbrot  invented the notion of fractals and fractal dimension, ad is famous for his “Mendelbrot Set”.

Chladni Figures [15]: Now called Cymatic patterns, Chladni Figures are named after their discoverer, Ernst Florens Friedrich Chladni. These patterns were originally observed by Chladni on fixed circular plates which were subjected to vibration. The plates can vibrate only at certain allowable frequencies and will demonstrate predictable "node" patterns, where there is no vibration, and so sand or powder will accumulate there.

Coherence : In phase or in step; identical. Coherence can be a property of atoms, photons, biophotons, or any Boson. See Laser, Bose-Einstein Condensate, and Superradiance


Cold Fusion [16]: Controversial or debunked in the mainstream, still a massive amount of research has accumulated on the  production of usable amounts of energy from apparent nuclear processes occurring at room temperature.  Also called LENR, Low Energy Nuclear Reactions, or CANR, Chemically Assisted Nuclear Reactions, the phenomena was introduced to the public by Professor Martin Fleischmann and Professor Stanley Pons.


Collective Unconscious [17]: Carl Jung found that his patients were experiencing common  images, symbols, and psychological forces that he suspected were connected to a deeper level of human experience. This deeper level he termed the collective unconscious.


Compton Effect [18]: Quantum mechanical process whereby a photon collides with a single loosely bound electron, thereby which some of the energy and momentum is transferred to the electron. This effect provides evidence that light is made up of particles (photons), and that photons have momentum.


Comptom Radius Vortex


De Broglie Wavelength [19]: In 1923 Louis de Broglie came up with an idea to explain Bohr's mathematical quantum formulations, as well as the resulting experimental support of the Bohr quantum model. He knew that the wavelength of a photon was equal to Planck's constant divided by its momentum. He suggested that perhaps matter has a wave/particle nature, with a wavelength equal to Planck's constant divided by the matter particle's momentum. Adaption of wavelength to electrons required that an integer number of waves reside in an electron’s orbit, thus justifying the concept of restricting the energy of electrons to discrete values. Validity of the de Broglie hypothesis has been confirmed for macromolecules, as well as molecules, atoms, and subatomic particles. Electron microscopes use electrons, instead of light, to see very small objects. Since electrons typically have more momentum than photons, their de Broglie wavelength will be smaller, resulting in a greater spatial resolution.


Delayed Choice Experiment:  John A. Wheeler's  brain child. Similar to the Double slit experiment, except we have a removable flat wall, with two cameras, each of which is pointing to one of the two slits, behind the wall. Now if we leave the flat wall in place, the photon results in an interference pattern on the flat wall, consistent with a wave interpretation of the photon.  If, however, we remove the flat wall after the photon has passed through the double slit, but before it gets to the wall, we will record a photon flash in either one or the other of the two cameras. In the delayed choice experiment, we choose to know which slit the photon went through (camera option), or not (flat wall option) after the photon has passed through the double slit. It seems paradoxically that our delayed choice actually determines whether the particle passes through one slit or the other slit as a particle, or through both slits, as a wave.  “So it seems that time has nothing to do with effects of quantum mechanics. And, indeed, the original thought experiment was not based on any analysis of how particles evolve and behave over time – it was based on the mathematics. This is what the mathematics predicted for a result, and this is exactly the result obtained in the laboratory. [20]

Delayed Choice Quantum Eraser Experiment. [This experiment was realized by Yoon-Ho Kim et al.]  Similar to Wheeler's Delayed Choice Experiment, but after the double slit, the photon is converted to two identical entangled photons by the process of Spontaneous Parametric Down Conversion (SPDC). The pair of entangled photons is then manipulated. We are able to preserve which-path information for as long as we are able to identify either one of the entangled photons with respect to which side of the crystal generated it. If we lose the ability to determine which side of the crystal generated the entangled pair, we lose the which-path information. One of these photons, referred to as the "signal" photon, continues to the target detector called D0. The positions where these "signal" photons detected by D0 occur can later be examined to discover if collectively those positions form an interference pattern. The other entangled photon, referred to as the "idler" photon, is deflected by a prism that sends it along divergent paths depending on whether it came from slit A or slit B.

Beam splitters are arranged such that the idler photon can be detected to give information on which slit it came from or not.  Thus, which detector receives the idler photon either reveals information, or specifically does not reveal information, about the path of the signal photon with which it is entangled.

When the experimenters looked only at the signal photons whose entangled idlers were detected but provided no slit specific information  they found an interference pattern. When they looked at the signal photons whose entangled idlers were detected and provided slit specific information, they found no interference. This result is similar to that of the double slit experiment, since interference is observed when it is not known which slit the photon went through, while no interference is observed when the path is known.

However, what makes this experiment possibly astonishing is that, unlike the classic double-slit experiment, the choice of whether to preserve or erase the which-path information of the idler need not be made until after the position of the signal photon has already been measured by D0.

Which-path information is never determined directly for the photons that are detected at D0, yet detection of which-path information of the idler photons means that no interference pattern is observed in the corresponding subset of signal photons at D0, even though the idler photon is not observed until after the signal photon arrives at D0 due to the shorter optical path for the latter. [21]

Deliberately Caused Bodily Damage phenomena[22]: Dervishes or other adepts intentionally cause serious damage to their bodies,  yet with complete control over bleeding and infection, and usually fast wound healing. Adepts believe the wound control is made possible by the active assistance of deceased Sufi ancestors in combination with Allah.


Dissipative Structures[23]: Ilya Prigogine, a Nobel Laureate in thermodynamics,  coined the phrase as a name for the patterns which self-organize; i.e. “stabilize” in far-from-equilibrium dissipative systems. Scientists call something dissipative if it looses energy to waste-heat. The Second Law of Thermodynamics amounts to saying that, if something is isolated from the rest of the world, it will dissipate all of it’s free energy. Equivalently, it maximizes its entropy. Prigogine and his advocates feel they have developed a mathematical Theory of Dissipative Structures which is very important to the physical and social sciences; accounting for such phenomena as the Great Red Spot on Jupiter, and perhaps even life itself. Other scientists, including Phil Anderson, also a Nobel Laureate, doubt that stable dissipative structures are relevant to questions of the origin and persistence of life, or even exist. The fact that living systems can defy the second law of thermodynamics has been recognized for years, as Peter Adkins Creation Revisited


DNA phantom effect[24]: [Unfortunately, these results have apparently never been replicated. ][25] Dr. Vladimir Poponin has reported this phenomenon. When a DNA sample is placed in the laser photon correlation spectrometer (LPCS) scattering chamber, the resulting autocorrelation function typically has the shape of a slowly exponentially decaying oscillatory function. When the DNA is removed from the scattering chamber, the resulting autocorrelation function looks distinctly different from the one obtained before the DNA was placed in the chamber. This effect has been observed to last for up to a month. After duplicating this many times and checking the equipment, Poponin and his colleagues hypothesize that some new field structure is being excited from the physical vacuum. He notes that "a new class of localized solutions to anharmonic Fermi-Pasta-Ulam lattice (FPU) - nonlinear localized excitations (NLE), demonstrate very similar dynamical features to those of the DNA phantom," including long duration. Poponin belives the DNA phantom effect may be a specific example of a more general category of electromagnetic phantom effects which might include the phantom leaf effect and the phantom limb. He believes this discovery has significance for the explanation and deeper understanding of the mechanisms underlying subtle energy phenomena including many of the observed alternative healing phenomena. Poponin is a quantum physicist who is recognized world wide as a leading expert in quantum biology, including the nonlinear dynamics of DNA and the interactions of weak electromagnetic fields with biological systems. His paper references William Tiller,  Glen Rein, R. McCraty, D.L. Childre, S. Paddison, (USA); P.P. Gariaev, K.V. Grigor'ev, A.A. Vasil'ev, V.P. Poponin and V.A. Shcheglov, (Russia); and J. K. Chouldhury (India).


Double slit experiment: The many peculiarities of quantum mechanics were captures in the double slit experiment, which became the favorite demonstration  of quantum champions.   


If a single photon is emitted perpendicular to a screen on which are two slits situated symmetrically with respect to the approaching photon. Beyond the screen is a flat wall. What we observe in experiments is that the photon results in an interference pattern on the flat wall, consistent with the interpretation that the photon was emitted as a wave and traveled through both slits as a wave.   


When light is shined from a distance onto a double slitted wall, a plane light wave hits the wall, and the light passing through each slit fans out into two circular arcs. When the two circular arcs merge, an interference pattern is formed and displays on a wall behind the two slits.


Single electrons fired towards the double slit act as particles which may pass through one of the slits and be  registered on the screen. However, as more electrons; hundreds, or thousands, are fired towards the double slit, the ones that make it through either of the two slits  form an interference pattern, rather than piling up behind one or the other slit.


Even more strange, physicists can shoot a thousand electrons at the double slitted wall, one at a time an hour apart. The result will be the same interference pattern as would have resulted from photons being fired at the double slits. [26]


Dowsing [27]: Sometimes called divining or doodlebugging in the US, or when searching specifically for water, water finding or water witching. A practice that attempts to locate hidden water wells, buried metals or ores, gemstones, or other objects as well as currents of earth radiation without the use of scientific apparatus. A Y- or L-shaped twig or rod is sometimes used during dowsing, although some dowsers use other equipment or no equipment at all. Dowsing has been in use since ancient times and is still widely practiced although the scientific evidence for its efficacy is disputed. Some researchers have associated dowsing with Subtle Energy and magnetic Vector Potential.

Dyadic Model [28] :Edgar Mitchell, former astronaut, and founder of the Institute of Noetic Sciences, proposes a “Dyadic Model” which combines the concepts of holographic information and the zero point field. This model presents a hypothesis for integrating psi phenomena such as ESP into the framework of modern science via the quantum holograph/quantum hologram.

Einstein-Cartan-Theory [29]: A modification of General Relativity Theory (GRT), allowing space-time to have torsion, in addition to curvature, and relating torsion to the density of intrinsic angular momentum. This modification was put forward in 1922 by Elie Cartan, before the discovery of spin. Cartan was influenced by the work of the Cosserat brothers (1909), who considered, in addition to an (asymmetric) force stress tensor, also a moments stress tensor in a suitably generalized continuous medium.


Electron : A primary subatomic entity having both wave and particle characteristics, depending on the act of observation.


Emergent Properties [30]: A concept growing out of Complexity Theory, which holds that the total is greater than the sum of the parts; i.e. unexpected behaviors "emerge" from large numbers of component parts. The concept of emergent properties opposes Reductionism, which says that the total is equal to the sum of the parts.


Energy Medicine: One of five domains of complementary and alternative medicine identified by the National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine in the US. Therapies predicated on theorized forms of "energy" unconfirmed by scientific investigation are known as “putative energy medicine”. Therapies which rely on known forms of energy, such as electromagnetism are termed "veritable" energy therapies.

Veritable energy therapies employ mechanical vibrations (such as sound) and electromagnetic forces, including visible light, magnetism, monochromatic radiation (such as laser beams), and rays from other parts of the electromagnetic spectrum. They involve the use of specific, measurable wavelengths and frequencies. Energy medicine involving putative energy is based on the supposition that illness results from disturbances in (undetectable or unquantifiable) energies and energy fields and can be addressed via interventions into those energies and energy fields. Healing Touch, Reiki, and qi gong, for instance, purportedly influence subtle energies in ways that have not been detected by mechanical devices, and their reported therapeutic actions are not well-understood within conventional paradigms

According to Dr. Karl Maret , The specific term Energy Medicine appears to have its origin in an “Energy Medicine Conference” sponsored by the Fetzer Foundation in 1987.


Energy Psychology: A more recent development within the field of energy medicine. It is described by David Feinstein as "...a set of physical and cognitive procedures designed to bring about therapeutic shifts in targeted emotions, cognitions, and behaviors...Specifically, energy psychology postulates that mental disorders and other health conditions are related to disturbances in the body's electrical energies and energy fields." “Energy Psychology has been called ‘acupressure for the emotions’”. [31]


Epigenetics [32]: In biology, and specifically genetics, epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in gene expression or cellular phenotype caused by mechanisms other than changes in the underlying DNA sequence – hence the name epi- (Greek: επί- over, above, outer) -genetics. It refers to functionally relevant modifications to the genome that do not involve a change in the nucleotide sequence. Examples of such changes are DNA methylation and histone modification, both of which serve to regulate gene expression without altering the underlying DNA sequence. Conclusive evidence supporting epigenetics show that these mechanisms can enable the effects of parents' experiences to be passed down to subsequent generations.


EPR Thought Experiment [33]: Also called EPR paradox. This though experiment was devised by Einstein, Boris Podolosky, and Nathan Rosen in 1935, in an attempt to discredit the new quantum physics. This thought experiment proposed that if quantum theory were correct, measurement of the momentum of one particle [in a variation: a change in spin of one particle] in a two particle system would allow the momentum of the second particle to be known [in a variation: effect its twin simultaneously,] instantaneously, even if the two had been widely separated in space. The thought experiment was proven valid by  J. S. Bell, and was the basis for Bell’s Theorem.


Ether [34]: (also Aether) Science has traditionally required a medium for the propagation of waves.  So, sound requires the medium of a gas or liquid or solid to be propagated; ocean waves require water, and earth for seismic waves. It was assumed the same would be true for the propagation of electromagnetic waves through astronomical space, which is a vacuum. The results of the Michaelson Morley experiment of 1887 was interpreted to mean there was zero ether, though careful repetition of the experiment has produced small positive results.


Evolution [35]: Darwin came to understand that any population consists of individuals that are all slightly different from one another.  Those individuals having a variation that gives them an advantage in staying alive long enough to successfully reproduce are the ones that pass on their traits more frequently to the next generation.  Subsequently, their traits become more common and the population evolves.  Darwin called this "descent with modification." This process has come to be known as natural selection. As generally conceived, Darwin’s perspective on biological evolution as a process of natural selection in animals. Current (2013) thinking, as exemplified in books such as Carter Phipp’s book Evolutionaries, finds evolution to be a driving force at many levels in social and physical, as well as biological  processes.


Evolutionary: A term applied to advocates of evolution as a major moving force of society today. The term was introduced by Carter Phipps in his 2012 book Evolutionaries.


Family constellation therapy [36]: Family Constellations (a subset application of Systemic Constellations) is an experiential psychological process developed by Bert Hellinger that aims to release and resolve profound tensions within and between people. Emphasis is placed on perceptive intuition in placing the representatives and in subsequent steps of the procedure. The aim is to tune into what the psychiatrist Albrecht Mahr describes as the Knowing Field and biologist Rupert Sheldrake has theorized is Morphic Resonance.

Fermions: Subatomic particles which obeys Fermi–Dirac statistics. Two or more fermions cannot occupy the same quantum state. Fermions are associated with matter. Electrons and protons are fermions


Fine Tuning of Universal Physical Constants: Physicist Paul Davies  observes that "There is now broad agreement among physicists and cosmologists that the Universe is in several respects ‘fine-tuned' for the building blocks and environments that life requires, and is in this sense ‘fine-tuned’ for life. [37] A slight change in the magnitudes of the weak and strong interactions, gravitational constant, electromagnetic interaction, electron mass, proton mass, speed of light, Planck’s constant, or Boltzmann’s constant would have made life on earth impossible. [38]


Fluorescent Lighting [39]: with alternating current,  if the voltage and frequency are high enough, no filament is needed. This is the principle of the fluorescent light bulb. In a fluorescent light, low-pressure mercury vapor is ionized, which then emits ultraviolet light. The inside of a fluorescent light is coated with a phosphor, which accepts  the energy of ultraviolet energy and emits visible photons. The light we see from a fluorescent tube is the light given off by the phosphor that coats the inside of the tube. Fluorescent lighting is generally harmful to health unless properly shielded.


Fourier analysis [40]: The study of how general functions may be represented using Fourier series.


Fourier transform [41]:Any non-periodic function can be represented mathematically in either the frequency or time domain. The frequency representation is called the Fourier transform; the time representation is called the inverse Fourier transform. Alternatively, a spatial representation in time may also be represented in the frequency domain. “Fourier transform” and “inverse Fourier transform” may also refer to plots of the mathematical expressions. The actual algorhythm used to make the calculations may take several forms, including the Fast Fourier Transform (FFT), and the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT).


Fourier series [42]: Any periodic function (with period 2 pi) can be represented by an infinite sum of sines and cosines. The sum may be truncated at any time to form an approximation of the given periodic function. The sum is referred to as the Fourier series representation of the given periodic function.


Fuel Cell [43] : A non-polluting electrochemical energy conversion device which produces electricity from fuel (on the anode side) and an oxidant (on the cathode side). These react in the presence of an electrolyte. Unlike a battery, a fuel cell does not run down; it operates as long as fuel and an oxidant are supplied continuously from outside the cell. According to the Hydrogen Fuel Cell Institute, there are five types of fuel cells: [44] Proton Exchange Membrane (PEM), Alkaline Fuel Cell (AFC), which operate at lower temperatures, and the Phosphoric Acid (PAFC),  Molten Carbonate (MCFC), and Solid Oxide (SOFC) fuel cells, which operate at higher temperatures.

Fundamental Fysics Group [45]: Amid the social and political upheavals of the 1970s, Berkeley physics grad students Elizabeth Rauscher and  George Weissmann, having connections with the Theoretical Physics Division of Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, founded an informal physics discussion group, the Fundamental Fysics Group. The weekly brainstorming attracted  PhD physicists from elite universities who had been set adrift in professional uncertainty. This group’s intense, unstructured brainstorming sessions planted the seeds for today’s mainstream (military industrial complex) interest in quantum information science, which shields the missives of bankers and politicians. Along the way, this group, with parallel efforts from a few other isolated physicists, contributed a sea change in how we think about information, communication, computation, and the quantum world. Besides Rauscher and Weissmann, core members of the group included Fritjov Capra, Henry Stapp, Nick Herbert, John Clauser, and Jack Sarfatti.  The FFG had embraced Nobel Laureate Eugene Wigner’s idea that human consciousness might be necessary to collapse the quantum wave function, as they searched for a mechanism for Psi. Wigner in turn  supported Rauscher’s working explanation of remote viewing. David Bohm, French theoretical physicist Olivier Costa de Beauregard  also enjoyed close relations with members of the FFG.

Grand Unified Theory : (GUT) Physicists have come to understand that the known universe is governed by the four forces of gravity, electromagnetism, and the weak and strong nuclear forces. The strong nuclear force holds the protons and neutrons of the nucleus together; the weak nuclear force allows neutrons to turn into protons, giving off radiation in the process. The atomic bomb releases the power of the strong nuclear force. The EM force is billions and billions of times stronger than the force of gravity. Physicists since Einstein have been trying to understand gravity, and to reduce the four forces of the universe to a single equation; a GUT.

General Theory of Relativity: Einstein published this General theory in 1916. Considers observers in any state of uniform motion including relative acceleration. Einstein’s theory that nothing could exceed the speed of light flew in the face of Newton’s law of gravity, which said that gravity could be felt instantly. Einstein resolved the dilemma by proposing that gravity is the curvature of space. One experimental result in support of General Relativity is the fact that light has been shown to bend, following the curvature of space, around massive stars. The amount of  apparent displacement  agrees with Einstein’s predictions. Einstein calculated that ripples of gravity travel at exactly the speed of light.


HAARP [46]: For years, no military program has sparked more fevered speculation than the mysterious High Frequency Active Auroral Research Program, or HAARP, located about 8 miles north of Gakona, Alaska. HAARP has been the focus for Dr. Nick Bagich. [See biog2]  For years, the Pentagon has pooh-poohed speculation that the enormous collection of transmitters, radar, and magnetometers in Alaska was some sort of super weapon. But, it turns out, this speculation may have some validity. A Freedom of Information Act turned up a report titled HAARP: Research and Applications, from the Air Force Research Laboratory and Office of Naval Research, and it lays out the uses the military see for HAARP. This document reveals that HAARP can actually perform a number of militarily important functions, all involving the interactions of radio waves with the high atmosphere, magnetosphere and ionosphere.


Heart Consciousness [47]: It is generally believed that conscious awareness originates in the brain alone. Recent scientific research however, suggests that consciousness actually emerges from the brain and body acting together. A growing body of evidence suggests that the heart plays a particularly significant role in this process.


Higgs boson [48]: “The most elusive speck of matter in the universe. Often called the God particle, it's supposed to be the key to explaining why matter has mass. Physicists believe that Higgs particles generate a kind of soupy ether through which other particles move, picking up drag that translates into mass on the macroscopic scale. The Higgs is the cornerstone of 21st-century physics; it simply has to be there, otherwise the standard model of the universe collapses.” One of the tasks of the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, the famed European particle physics lab outside Geneva, is to detect a Higgs boson. it has still  (2010) not been observed experimentally.
Higgs Phenomena: The Higgs phenomena traces back to 1964, when several physicists independently dreamed up the idea of an energy field that would have permeated the early universe (and persisted to the present). Peter Higgs, of the University of Edinburgh, and others realized that once the universe cooled enough from its initial Big Bang, this energy field would have had to emerge. Like a puddle of molasses, the field would resist the motion of particles moving through it. Such resistance to motion, or inertia, is the defining quality of mass. Subatomic particles would therefore acquire differing amounts of mass depending on how strongly they interact with the energy field. The existence of the Higgs field also required a new particle — the Higgs boson. [49]
Ie, the Higgs particle accounts for the mass of other particles, otherwise the existence of the property of mass cannot be accounted for in the Standard Model of Particle Physics. A candidate for the Higgs particle was announced on July 4th 2012, five decades after it’s original prediction.

Hologram : A three dimensional image formed by an interface pattern of two interacting laser beams.


Holographic Paradigm: A theory developed by a collaboration between David Bohm and Karl Pribram,

that both the mind and the universe are holographic constructions created from the frequency domain.


Holographic Principle: The notion, developed by Leonard Susskind and Gerard 't Hooft from String Theory and a consideration of black holes, that the universe may be a holographic projection: Everything inside a region of space can be described by bits of information restricted to the boundary.


They deduced this from Jacob Bekenstein’s discovery  that a black hole's entropy - which is synonymous with its information content - is proportional to the surface area of its event horizon, so that  the information the black hole absorbs is not lost, but stored at the surface of the black hole.


Holography: A photographic technique which creates a three-dimensional image. It was born as Dennis Gabor’s  attempt to improve the electron microscope. Gabor considered the possibility of taking first a "bad" picture and correcting it by light-optical means. But in an ordinary electron microgram this is not possible, because important information has dropped out; the phase of the electron waves. The phase information dropped out because there was nothing to compare it with. Gabor  supplied a known wave to provide a phase standard. If one were to  illuminate the "bad" picture with the coherent background, or a light-optical simulation of it, the true image will come out, because the original wavefront is reconstructed. Gabor termed the "bad" image, (which is indeed entirely unlike the object, it rather looks like a collection of fingerprints) a "hologram" (from the Greek holos, "the whole"), because it contained all the information. He then verified the theory, in 1948, by light-optical experiments with coherent light. Holography did not become practical until  the advent of highly coherent laser light.[50]


Holomovement: According to David Bohm, the Holomovement is the ground of what is manifest. In a visual hologram the ground is the state of the electromagnetic field. This idea of ground begins to give a good account of what quantum mechanics means. The unitary transformation is the basic mathematical description of movement in quantum mechanics; it is the mathematical description of the holomovement. At present in QM there is no physical notion of what movement means so we merely use the math to produce results, saying they have no (physical) meaning. [51]


Holonomic Brain Model of Cognitive Function: Describes a type of cognitive functioning based on Fourier transformations, which convert space-time coordinate systems (x,y,z) into spectral coordinate systems. Karl Pribram, who fashioned the holonomic brain model of cognitive function in 1987 in collaboration with David Bohm, conjectured that the reason subatomic particles are entangled is because at a deeper level of reality these particles are not individual but actually extensions or emanations of the same wave-forms. [52]


Homeopathy: A method of using micro-doses of natural substances in water or other media to treat illness. The substance is diluted in the media to the point that no molecules of the substance remain in it. Therapeutic effect is due to the effect of the “frequency” of the substance on the media, as for example a change in the bond angles of the water molecule. The  homeopathic remedy is said to cause symptoms of the disease being treated. The method is attributed to Samuel Hahnemann.

Hutchison Effect [53]: Defined by John Hutchison as “a continuation of T. Townsend Brown's central thesis about the BB Effect, when given "extra" voltage, elements suspend their "programming" and no longer conform to regular laws of physics such as gravity. Some theorists think the effect is the result of opposing electromagnetic fields cancelling each other out, creating a powerful flow of space energy.” Phenomena reported to have occurred include: levitation of heavy objects, fusion of dissimilar materials,  anomalous heating of metals without burning adjacent material,  spontaneous fracturing of metals, changes in the crystalline structure and physical properties of metals, and disappearance of metal samples.

Information [54]: Originally considered to be the content of human communication, information has now become more like a telecommunication industry commodity. Although difficult to define, it is associated with increase in randomness or entropy. Maximum information (disorder) occurs in the quantum vacuum, so it may be thought of as the fundamental unit of existence.  

Intelligent Design [55]: The argument that the scientifically recognized Fine Tuning of Universal Physical Constants to allow evolution of life is proof of the existence of God. As Steven Goldberg notes, although Intelligent Design as a scientific hypothesis is operationally vacuous, the appearance of design is a legitimate scientific phenomena, and therefore a legitimate scientific observation.

Knowing Field [56]:   In Family Constellation Therapy, a field claimed to guide participants to perceive and articulate feelings and sensation that mirror those of the real family members they represent. The mechanisms behind this representative perception are not fully understood. The representatives have little or no factual knowledge about those they represent. Nevertheless, the representatives usually experience feelings or physical sensations that inform the process.


Laser [57]: “Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation”. Einstein discovered that when a photon hits an atom that is already excited from being hit by a previous photon, the atom releases a new photon that is completely identical to the incoming photon; same color, going in the same direction. This process leads to a buildup of coherent photons. Since a common stimulus triggers the emission events which provide the amplified light, the emitted photons are in temporal and spatial phase  (ie in step) with one another. Coherent laser light is important in producing the interference pattern which is used to produce holograms.


Light Emitting Diode [LED] [58]:Tiny light bulbs that are illuminated solely by the movement of electrons in a semiconductor material. They consume less than one quarter of the electricity of filament bulbs. LEDs are now being used to speed the healing of wounds and in other health related applications, based on NASA research.


Lorentz invariant: Consistent with special relativity


Maxwell’s Equations : James Clerk Maxwell’s mathematical model drawing the disparate pieces of knowledge regarding electricity into one unified set of equations. His original set of eight equations was recast by Olive Heaviside and Heinrich Hertz into six equations, which has fueled assertions that the six equations now accepted as gospel in electrical engineering have omitted some of physical reality.


Microtubules [59]: Conveyer belts inside the cells. They move vesicles, granules, organelles like mitochondria, and chromosomes via special attachment proteins. They also serve a cytoskeletal role. Structurally, they are linear polymers of tubulin which is a globular protein. The noted scientist Sir Roger Penrose proposes that the microtubules within brain cells may be the seat of consciousness.


Morphic Resonance [60]:  the idea put forward by biologist Rupert Sheldrake, that, through a telepathic effect or sympathetic vibration, an event or act can lead to similar events or acts in the future or an idea conceived in one mind can then arise in another


Motional Electrical Field : Results in a force that can pass through lead, ie. It is unshieldable. William Hooper holds a US patent on the "All Electric Motional Field Generator."


Neon Lighting [61]: Inside the glass tube of a neon light there is an inert or noble gas like neon, argon or krypton at low pressure. When a high voltage is applied to the electrodes inside the light, the neon gas ionizes,  producing electrons that excite the neon and cause it to emit light that we can see. Neon emits red light. Other gases emit other colors.

Neurocardiology [62]: In the 1970s a small group of cardiovascular researchers joined with a similar group of neurophysiologists to explore areas of mutual interest. This represented the beginning of the new discipline of neurocardiology. One of the early pioneers in neurocardiology, Dr. J. Andrew Armour, introduced the concept of a functional “heart brain” in 1991. His work revealed that the heart has a complex intrinsic nervous system that is sufficiently sophisticated to qualify as a “little brain” in its own right. The heart’s brain is an intricate network of several types of neurons, neurotransmitters, proteins and support cells like those found in the brain proper. Its elaborate circuitry enables it to act independently of the cranial brain – to learn, remember, and even feel and sense.

Nogier frequencies [63]: Seven frequencies, (normally delivered by LED light pulses), said to be beneficial to human health. These frequencies, of 73, 147, 294, 587, 1174, 2349, and 4698 Hz, are well above the natural 7-50 Hz range of the Schumann Resonance. 
These frequencies appear to be based on biological principles. The embryos of all animals, including humans, form into three tissues: ectoderm (outside skin), endoderm (inside skin), and mesoderm (middle skin).
Ectodermal (outer) tissues had a positive response to pulsed lighting:  292 Hz., endodermal (inside) tissues responded best to 584 Hz and mesodermal(middle) tissues responded best to 1168 Hz. These frequencies are all harmonics of each other and happen to be harmonics of the D note. 
Nogier LED treatment of foods are also reported by some to be beneficial. [64]


Noosphere: A collective interior dimension of consciousness posited by Teilhard de Chardan. The term comes from “noetic”, which refers to knowledge or wisdom.  According to Carter Phipps, Teilhard’s Noosphere and Jung’s collective unconscious may be the same thing.

Nuclear Fusion [65] :  A nuclear reaction in which two light nuclei (such as hydrogen) combine to form a heavier nuclei (such as helium). The process releases excess binding energy. There are numerous types of nuclear fusion. Some examples: Bubble fusion or sonofusion is the non-technical name for a nuclear fusion reaction hypothesized to occur during a high-pressure version of sonoluminescence [66]. Now called a low-energy nuclear reaction (LENR), the process once called "cold fusion"  may promise a new energy source. Although much maligned in the past, new evidence has come to light supporting its validity. [67]


Orgone  Energy [Accumulator][68]: The controversial Doctor Wilhelm Reich was an advocate of life energy (also known as chi or life-energy) which he called orgone. He developed the science of orgonomy and the Orgone Accumulator, which was constructed of alternating layers of organic materials (to attract the energy) and metallic materials (to radiate the energy toward the center of the box). Paul Devereux and John Mitchell, earth energy advocates, have noted that many of the greatest works of the megalithic builders involved the construction of a hidden chambers lined with alternating layers of organic and inorganic materials, and suspect these builders were aware of some form of “life energy”.


Parapsychology [69]: The scientific and scholarly study of certain unusual events associated with human experience. A long-held, common-sense assumption is that the worlds of subjective and objective are completely distinct, with no overlap. Subjective is ‘within us, inside our minds,’ and objective is ‘out there, in the world.’  Parapsychology is the study of phenomena suggesting that the strict objective/objective dichotomy may instead be part of a spectrum, with some phenomena occasionally falling between purely subjective and purely objective. We call such phenomena ‘paranormal’ or ‘anomalous’ because they are difficult to explain within current scientific models. These anomalies fall into three general categories: ESP [extrasensory perception, such as telepathy and clairvoyance], PK [psychokinesis, or anomalous mind-matter interactions], and phenomena suggestive of survival of bodily death, including near-death experiences, apparitions, and reincarnation.


Peltier-Seebeck effect: Thermo-electric effect. Seebeck discovered that subjecting a metal bar (Bismuth or Telluride) to a temperature gradient induces a voltage. A thermocouple in an example of the Seebeck effect. Peltier discovered that passing a current through a metal bar results in a temperature difference.


Phonon: Atoms in a crystalline lattice vibrate. Only certain vibrational modes are possible. Each vibrational mode is characterized by its mechanical energy. Only a few modes are active at low energies, and these are acoustical modes. As mode energy increases, at a certain point many modes become active. These are optical modes.  An electron can give energy to a lattice, in which case it excites an available mode. An electron can also acquire energy from a lattice, in which case a vibrational mode dissipates. It is easy to think of these vibrational modes as particles, which are called phonons. Then you can talk about phonon emission by an electron or phonon absorption by an electron. The same principle applies to photons, in which case photon emission by an electron or photon absorption by an electron may occur. Photon and phonon emission and absorption are important energy exchange mechanisms in semiconductors. Phonons are therefore quanta of lattice vibrations. [70]


Photon [71] : Mainstream physics considers that light has a wave characteristic as well as a particle characteristic. The particle characteristic is defined as a quantum of light. Recent research has indicated that the concept of the photon is far more subtle than has been previously thought.


Photoelectric Effect [72]: The emission, or ejection, of electrons from the surface of, generally, a metal in response to incident light. The photoelectric effect deals with multiple electrons bound in matter, whereas the Compton effect deals with single loosely bound electrons. [73]


Photon Bandgap Crystals [74]: Materials patterned with a periodicity in dielectric constant, which can create a range of 'forbidden' frequencies called a photonic bandgap. Photons with energies lying in the bandgap cannot propagate through the medium. This provides the opportunity to shape and mould the flow of light for photonic information technology.


Photonic crystals [75]: Periodic optical nanostructures that are designed to affect the motion of photons in a similar way that periodicity of a semiconductor crystal affects the motion of electrons. Photonic crystals occur in nature and in various forms have been studied scientifically for the last 100 years.


Pilot Wave theory [76]: The Pilot Wave theory of quantum mechanics was the first known example of a hidden variable theory, presented by Louis de Broglie in 1927. It uses the same mathematics as mainstream (Copenhagen) quantum mechanics; consequently, it is also supported by the current experimental evidence to the same extent as the mainstream interpretations. According to pilot wave theory, the point particle and the matter wave are both real and distinct physical entities. ( Unlike standard quantum mechanics, where particles and waves are considered to be the same entities, connected by wave-particle duality. ) The pilot wave guides the motion of the point particles as described by the guidance equation. In 1952, David Bohm, dissatisfied with the prevailing orthodoxy, rediscovered de Broglie's Pilot Wave theory and developed it into what is now called the De Broglie-Bohm theory, which was championed by John Bell. See fundamental reality/ Pilot Wave theory


Process Theology [77] : “Process theology might be understood to refer to all forms of theology that, for the metaphysical foundation of existence, look to creative activity rather than passive matter, and to evolutionary becoming rather than changeless enduring. Such a construal would include, for example, the theology of Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, or theology influenced by Hegel. “Process theology provides a unified vision for the integration of science and religion. It is better for science and better for religion.” [78]


Psychoenergetic Model of WilliamTiller: A highly controversial modeling of the correlation between consciousness, intentionality and Psi phenomena. The controversy centers on Tiller’s schematic conflation of two accepted and related phenomena in physics:  particles and their pilot waves, with no apparent justification. See:

Fundamental reality/ William Tiller Psychoenergetic Model

Fundamental reality/ William Tiller Psychoenergetic Model_commentary


Psychophysiological Coherence [79]: The Institute of Heart Math (IMH) has demonstrated that sustained positive emotions (ie Heart Rate Variability Coherence) appears to give rise to a distinct mode of functioning, which they call psychophysiological coherence. In this state, heart rhythms not only exhibit a sine wave-like pattern, but also the heart’s electromagnetic field becomes correspondingly more organized. IHM research suggests that psychophysiological coherence is important in enhancing consciousness– both for the body’s sensory awareness of the information required to execute and coordinate physiological function, and also to optimize emotional stability, mental function, and intentional action.


Psychotronics [80]: A term coined in 1967 by Zdeněk Rejdák for the study of parapsychology. Rejdák used this term to avoid the negative connotationsof parapsychology and to define it as interdisciplinary subject, studying both the interaction between living organisms and their internal and external environment and energy processes in both these interactions. The main objectives of psychotronics were to verify and study the phenomena of telepathy, clairvoyance and psychokinesis, to discover new principles of nature. He founded International Association for Psychotronic Research - I.A.P.R..


Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD) [81]: In physics, the theory that describes the action of the strong force. QCD was constructed in analogy to quantum electrodynamics (QED), the quantum field theory of the electromagnetic force.  By analogy with QED, quantum chromodynamics predicts the existence of force-carrier particles called gluons, which transmit the strong force between particles of matter that carry “colour,” a form of strong “charge.” The strong force is therefore limited in its effect to the behavior of elementary subatomic particles called quarks and of composite particles built from quarks—such as the familiar protons and neutrons that make up atomic nuclei, as well as more-exotic unstable particles called mesons. The fact that  quarks are never found in isolation has caused concern among some physicists.


Quantum Consciousness Models [82]: Models which attempt to represent the relationship between quantum and biological processes to produce the phenomena of mind. A number of such models have been developed, including the following:


John Eccles Dendron Psychon Quantum Consciousness Model

Penrose Hameroff  Microtubule Quantum Consciousness Model

Fred Alan Wolf Atomic  Quantum Consciousness Model

M.J. Donald Family of Switches Quantum Consciousness Model

Richard Mould Peptide Quantum Consciousness Model

Henry Stapp Three Process Quantum Consciousness Model



Quantum Electrodynamics (QED) [83]: describes electromagnetic activity in terms of the massless virtual messenger photons. The photon is described in QED as the “force-carrier” particle that mediates or transmits the electromagnetic force. QED allows a procedure, using Feynman Diagrams,  for calculating the results of any interaction between photons and electrons, however complicated. This theory is consistent with the principles of both quantum theory and relativity theory. 


Quantum Entanglement [84]: The state or condition in which an enduring confluence occurs between atomic and subatomic particles during energy exchange or other processes, characterized by a commingling of particle attributes, such as spin, in a persistent and congruent manner. Associated with entanglement is an instantaneous non-local, exchange of information through the medium of quantum correlation.

This state is validated by Bell’s Theorem.

Quantum Holography [85]: Permits the imaging of hidden objects with entangled photons. it's possible to build a hologram of the hidden object provided that the photons in the illuminating beam are entangled with photons in another beam. Each photon in an entangled pair has properties (such as momentum or polarization) that are unknown until a measurement is performed on one photon or the other. When a property of one of the photons is measured, corresponding information about its entangled mate is instantly determined. In quantum holography, the researchers measure the simultaneous arrivals of an illuminating photon that is sent into the chamber and a companion photon in the other entangled beam. This measurement tells the researchers about the interference of various possible paths that the single photon inside the chamber could travel. And it's the interference of the possible paths that encodes the holographic image of the hidden object. Very spooky indeed.

Quantum Mechanics : In 1801, the British physicist Thomas Young appeared to prove light was a wave from the results of his “Double Slit Experiment”, which showed that multiple light sources produce interference patterns; yet in 1839, it was first shown that light waves falling on metal caused the emission of electrons, which suggests that light has particle properties. Quantum physics, developed In the late 1920s by , among others, Max Plank, Niels Bohr, Werner Heisenberg,  Irwin Schrodinger, Max Born, and Paul Dirac,  was very successful in predicting what happens inside the quantum world. It provided explanations for a wide range of phenomena, including spectral lines, the Compton effect and the photo-electric effect. Multiple logically consistent mathematical representations of Quantum Mechanics helped to cement its credibility. [86]


Quantum Mechanics, Copenhagen Interpretation [87]: Bohr and Heisenberg never totally agreed on how to understand the mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics. In fact, Bohr once distanced himself from what he considered to be Heisenberg's more subjective interpretation. The term originated as a label introduced by people opposing some of Bohr's ideas.. Today the term Copenhagen interpretation is mostly regarded as synonymous with indeterminism, Bohr's correspondence principle, Born's statistical interpretation of the wave function, and Bohr's complementarity interpretation of certain atomic phenomena. From all of these characteristics, it is often deduced that there is a sharp divide between classical or macroscopic physics and quantum or microscopic physics. ie, it is often deduced that quantum mechanics does not apply to the macroscopic world. [This idea is being challenged by a number of researchers.]


Radar: RAdio Detection And Ranging


Radionics : The use of specifically designed instruments, such as  the “reflexophone” and “oscilloclast”, in conjunction with blood, hair, a signature, or other substances unique to the person as a focus to supposedly heal a patient from afar. No radionic device has been found effective in the diagnosis or treatment of any disease, and the United States Food and Drug Administration does not recognize any legitimate medical uses for radionics devices. (skeptic)

Radionics originated from the research of American physician Dr. Albert Abrams. In 1924, the year of Abram' death, a committee of the Royal Society of Medicine under the Chairmanship of Sir Thomas (later Lord) Horder investigated his claims. To the astonishment of medicine and science, the committee, after exhaustive tests, has to admit that Abrams' claim was proven. During the 1930's in the United States, Chiropractor Dr. Ruth Drown added further dimensions to Radionics through the discovery that diagnosis and treatment could be carried out from a distance. In the 1940's the main focus of Radionic research switched to England and the De La Warr Laboratories in Oxford. Instruments and techniques were refined and extensive work was done in the field of radionic photography originally initiated by Dr. Drown in California. The 1960's saw completely new concepts emerge for Malcom Raes' research into Radionics instrumentation and homeopathic potency simulation, and the introduction by Chiropractor Dr. David Tansley of a whole new basis for Radionic diagnosis and treatment based on the subtle anatomy. (proponent)


Reductionistic Science : Science that divides systems into parts in order to study and understand them..


“Self canceling” coils:  Caduceus,  Mobius , and Bifilar

The caduceus coil consists of ordinary insulated copper wire wound in a double-helix around a ferrite core. Looking at this coil configuration carefully, we see that the oppositely wound wires of the double helix will cross each other on the opposite sides of the core's diameter with each complete turn.  Hence, the coil will have 2 rows of bumps formed where the 2 wires cross the rows placed diametrically opposite one another on the core.

Image from:


The caduceus coil is named after the Caduceus, the magic wand of Mercury, messenger of the gods. Interestingly, the ancient Caduceus has also been described as a simplified diagram for a “mercury vortex engine. [88] Instructions and diagrams for making a scalar wave generator with a Caduceus coil are available on the internet. [89]

Mobius coils are distinctively different from Caduceus coils: they are typically constructed by winding a “mobius cable”, shown below,
















into a toroidal coil. In this case self cancellation due to folded wire segments is apparent.







Images from:


Toroidal wound Mobius coils are often used with  crystals, it is said,  to “enhance orgone producing devises”. [90]


A third type, the Bifilar, or Trifilar coil, is constructed from manufactured bifilar, or trifilar wire; ie insulated wire containing two or three strands. [91] Since the wire is already made, the coil is much like a mobius in configuration, but easier to construct.


All three types of coils are reported to display unusual properties.

Scalar Potential: A fundamental concept in vector analysis and physics.  Given a vector field F, its scalar potential V is a scalar field whose negative gradient is F:  F = - del (V).

Scalar waves : See Tesla Waves.

Schumann resonance [92]: This  is a set of spectrum peaks in the ELF portion of the Earth's electromagnetic field spectrum. Schumann resonance is due to the space between the surface of the Earth and the conductive ionosphere acting as a waveguide. The limited dimensions of the earth cause this waveguide to act as a resonant cavity for electromagnetic waves in the ELF band. The cavity is naturally excited by energy from lightning strikes. Since the seventh overtone lies at approximately 60 Hz, the cavity is also driven by the North American power grid. The lowest, fundamental frequency (and highest-intensity) mode of the Schumann resonance is at a frequency of approximately 7.83 Hz. Detectable overtones extend upwards into the kilohertz range.The phenomenon is named after physicist Winfried Otto Schumann who predicted it mathematically in 1952, but it was first observed by Nikola Tesla and formed the basis for his scheme for broadcast power and wireless communications (Tesla 1905).  
The nominal average frequencies observed are 7.8, with harmonics at 14, 20, 26, 33, 39, and 45 Hz, with slight diurnal variation.
Solfeggio numbers: The solfa scale (also known as the solfeggio scale)
is a series of seven syllables used as a teaching aid in which each note is sung to a different syllable. These syllables are known quite commonly today as do, re, mi, fa, so, la, and ti.
Apparently one Guido Aretinus, also known as Guido d'Arezzo (995-1050 AD), was a Benedictine monk and music theorist and is the author of much of our modern day music notation. He first developed the solfa or solfeggio scale as an aid to help singers learn Gregorian chants more readily. This original solfa scale contained only six syllables. The syllables were: ut, re, mi, fa, sol, and la. [93]
Dr. Joseph Puleo is a naturopathic doctor living in northern Idaho. It is said that beginning in 1974, Dr. Puleo was guided into discovering certain numbers and other mysteries encoded in the Bible. He was introduced to the Pythagorean method of numeral reduction, and began using that method to decode six numbers from the Book of Numbers, Chapter 7, verses 12-89. The numbers he discovered were: 396, 417, 528, 639, 741, and 852. [94]
Puelo and Dr. Leonard Horowitz, in the book Healing Codes for the Biological Apocalypse conclude that this sequence of numbers correspond to the frequencies of the solfa scale ut, re, mi, fa, sol, and la used by Guido Aretinus, and attributes great healing powers to them. [95]


From modern music theory, do, re, mi, fa, so, la, ti correspond to notes C, D, E, F, A, B, but there is no direct link to  frequencies, which depend on which octave, which key, or even which instrument you are referring to. [96]


Comparing Puleo’s numbers with note frequencies from a physics table, we find no matches. [97]

 Puleo’s tones may be heard on the internet. [98]

Somatid : Through the use of a unique microscope of his own invention, named the Somatoscope, the French-born Canadian Gaston Naessens is said to have discovered a primitive biological entity, which he calls the "somatid."  Naessens claims that the somatid is found in all biological fluids he has looked at, including plant sap and human blood.

Somatiscope : What Rife accomplished optically in the 1930s with his Universal Microscope, Gaston Naessens accomplished with a combination of optics and electronics in the 1940s in his Somatoscope. Conventional microscopes pass light through the specimen which theoretically limits the resolution of optical microscopes to the wavelength of light. The finest optical microscopes have achieved magnification levels of 2,500 diameters. At levels above this, the resolution is limited by the wavelength of light and further magnification merely creates a blur! Higher resolutions have been achieved by microscopes that do not use lenses, but instead use apertures which are smaller than the wavelength of light. …

“The Somatoscope does not attempt to illuminate the specimen by passing light through two small objects. Instead, the illumination source is actually stimulating the specimen to the point where it generates its own light. The light itself expands as it moves outward and because the specimen itself is generating the light, the physical restrictions encountered by regular optical microscopes no longer apply. …” [99]

Sonoluminescence [100] : A diffuse uniformly applied sound wave propagating through water can be observed to spontaneously focus its energy by over a factor of one trillion to generate a very short flash of ultraviolet light. A similar effect can be observed in the flow of water through a converging pipe. At flows which achieve velocity variations of about a meter/second bubbles form in the constriction and then emit picosecond bursts of ultraviolet light as they collapse downstream. Sonoluminescence has been called a spectacular example of Spontaneous Energy Focusing in Fluids and Solids.


South Atlantic Magnetic Anomaly [101] : At present the strength of the Earth’s magnetic field is decreasing by about 5% every hundred years. Researchers do not know why or what the consequences will be. In the South Atlantic Anomaly, the strength of the magnetic field is weakest, and is decreasing ten times faster. In 2008, a Danish geomagnetic observatory became operational on the remote island of Tristan da Cunha, at the center of the Anomaly to learn more. The magnetic field protects the Earth from radiation from space and the area around the South Atlantic Anomaly is therefore very poorly protected. In the Anomaly, the radiation belts that surround the Earth, the van Allen belts, are very close to the surface of the Earth.


Special Theory of Relativity : Einstein published this Special theory in 1905. The word special here means that we restrict ourselves to observers in uniform relative motion. As material objects approach the speed of light, they become more massive and shorter.  Traveling at the speed of light, a material object would have infinite mass and zero length.

Spontaneous Energy Focusing in Fluids and Solids [102]: Why is there a general tendency of the off-equilibrium motion of continuous media to be characterized by the formation of structures and the focusing of energy? This is considered by some to be a key unsolved problem of physics. Examples of SEF include Sonoluminescence, generation of static electricity from motion,  and turbulence

Standard Model of Particle Physics: A theory that attempts to unify the fundamental forces of nature based on an analogy with the very successful Quantum Electrodynamics (QED). In QED, it was found that the electromagnetic force could be considered to be transmitted by a particle called a photon. By analogy,  a theory (QCD) was developed to associate the strong nuclear force with the “gluon” particle, and the weak nuclear force was associated with the W+, W-, and Z boson particles.  The Gravitational force, and the graviton are not part of the standard model. [103] 
All of these “Messenger particles” are called gauge bosons.

Stark effect: The splitting of a spectral line into several components in the presence of an electric field.

See Zeeman effect.


String Theory [104]: The basic premise is that everything, at its most minute scale, is made of combinations of vibrating strings.  String theory began as a search for a unified theory capable of reconciling quantum field theory with general relativity, but has expanded in recent years and has caused a major shift in theoretical and experimental physics. It was eventually shown that 5 different versions of string theory were merely different perspectives on the same thing; this later theory was called “M” theory, and requires 11 dimensions. String theory is predicted by mathematics.


Subtle Energy [105]: Alleged life energies; the human energetic anatomy, the vital force that makes us alive, the energetic dynamics of our relationships, the energies of the earth; known variously as Chi, Prana, Orgone, etc., but which have been so far undetected by instrumentation. Dr. William Tiller associates the magnetic vector potential to the “subtle domain” and says that human consciousness can generate a physical space "conditioned" by subtle energy, that this subtle energy is related to the magnetic vector potential of classical electrodynamics, and that this subtle energy may result in psi phenomena.



Jubi et al have proposed that the quantum dynamical system of water molecules and the quantized EM field confined within the hollow microtubule core can manifest a specific collective effect called superradience, by which the microtubule can transform any incoherent thermal and disordered molecular, atomic, or EM energy into coherent photons inside the microtubules.


Theory of Brain Function, Quantum Mechanics and Superstrings

D.V. Nanopoulos, Center for Theoretical Physics, Texas A&M; Huston Advanced Research Center; CERN Theory Division. A Los Alamos National Lab Publication.

Supersymmetry [107]: A theoretical structure that, in pairing both fermions and bosons with theoretical “superparteners”, allows for the synthesis of the standard model’s three distinct forces into one “supergroup”.

Tachyon [108]: A putative class of particles which is alleged  to travel faster than the speed of light. Tachyons were first  proposed by physicist Arnold Sommerfeld, and named by Gerald Feinberg. The word tachyon derives from the Greek (tachus), meaning "speedy." Tachyons have the strange property that, when they lose energy, they gain speed. Consequently, when tachyons gain energy, they slow down. The slowest speed possible for tachyons is the speed of light.  Tachyons appear to violate causality, since they could be sent to the past under the assumption that the principle of special relativity is a true law of nature, thus generating a real unavoidable time paradox (Maiorino and Rodrigues 1999). Therefore, it seems unavoidable that if tachyons exist, the principle of special relativity must be false, and there exists a unique time order for all observers in the universe independent of their state of motion.  Tachyons can be assigned properties of normal matter such as spin, as well as an antiparticle (the antitachyon). And amazingly, modern presentations of tachyon theory actually allow tachyons to actually have real mass (Recami 1996).  It has been proposed that tachyons could be produced from high-energy particle collisions, and tachyon searches have been undertaken in cosmic rays. Cosmic rays hit the Earth's atmosphere with high energy (some of them with speed almost 99.99% of the speed of light) making several collisions with the molecules in the atmosphere. The particles made by this collision interact with the air, creating even more particles in a phenomenon known as a cosmic ray shower. In 1973, using a large collection of particle detectors, Philip Crough and Roger Clay identified a putative superluminal particle in an air shower, although this result has never been reproduced.

Tesla Coil [109]: One of Nikola Tesla's most famous inventions. It is essentially a high-frequency air-core transformer. It takes the output from a 120vAC and steps it up to an extremely high voltage. Voltages can get to be well above 1,000,000 volts and are discharged in the form of electrical arcs.


Tesla Waves [110]:  [Longitudinal electrical waves Scalar waves]  According to Thomas Bearden, a retired Pentagon war games expert and active consulting engineer to the Defense Department, “Scalar Waves are a form of radio waves creating what is known as Longitudinal Wave Interference. Where two Scalar Waves meet, an energy bottle is created which disintegrates all matter within that bottle.”


The Three Worlds. A philosophy popularized by Sir Karl Popper, which asserts that our reality can be described as consisting of three worlds: physical objects and states, states of consciousness, and knowledge in the objective sense. John Eccles subscribed to this philosophy. [111]

Time-frequency analysis [112]: In signal processing, those techniques that study a signal in both the time and frequency domains simultaneously, using various time–frequency representations. Rather than viewing a 1-dimensional signal (a function, real or complex-valued, whose domain is the real line) and some transform (another function whose domain is the real line, obtained from the original via some transform), time–frequency analysis studies a two-dimensional signal – a function whose domain is the two-dimensional real plane, obtained from the signal via a time–frequency transform. The practical motivation for time–frequency analysis is that classical Fourier analysis assumes that signals are infinite in time or periodic, while many signals in practice are of short duration, and change substantially over their duration. For example, the sounds produced by traditional musical instruments. Time-frequency analysis is also applicable to human perceptual mechanisms. Types of Time-frequency analysis include Short Time/Term, or Windowed Fourier transforms,

Toridal Coil [113]: Copper wire wrapped around a donut shaped core. Coils are sometimes called "inductors." Inductance is the measure of the strength of a coil. When alternating current flows through a coil, the magnetic flux that occurs in the coil changes with the current. When a second coil is put close to the first coil (with the changing flux), alternating voltage is caused to flow in the second coil by an effect known as "mutual induction." Mutual inductance (inductance) is measured in units of the Henry. The changing magnetic flux in a coil affects itself as well as other coils. Self inductance is a measure of a coil's ability to establish an induced voltage as a result of a change in its current. Self inductance is commonly referred to as simply "inductance," and is symbolized by "L". The unit of inductance is the Henry (H). See Self Canceling Coils


Torsion Field [114] : Spin waves in condensed matter are a current and well-studied topic in modern physics. However, there is a less-known backwater in this field: Torsion Fields, the quantum spin of empty space; the large-scale coherent effects of the spin of the particles in the virtual sea. Initial work in this field was done by Einstein and Cartan in the 1920's, now known as ECT (Einstein-Cartan-Theory.) Currently there are rumors that spin waves have real physical consequences, and that useful technology can be based on such things. Most of the recent work is said  to have been done in Russia.


Transcendentalism [115]: An American philosophic and literary movement, centered in New England during the 19th century, which opposed scientific rationalism. Ralph Waldo Emerson is the recognized spokesperson for this movement. His first book, Nature (1836), is perhaps the best expression of his Transcendentalism, which asserted that everything in our world—even a drop of dew—is a microcosm of the universe. His concept of the Over-Soul—a Supreme Mind that every man and woman share—allowed Transcendentalists to disregard external authority and to rely instead on direct experience. "Trust thyself," Emerson's motto, became the code of Margaret Fuller, Bronson Alcott, Henry David Thoreau, and W. E. Channing. 


Vascular Autonomic Signal (VAS) [116]: In general terms, the VAS is an instantaneous tonal change in the walls of the arterial system in response to a signal that current scientific instrumentation has been unable to detect thus far... What Nogier discovered and what several people around the world are now researching is that the arterial system displays a specific physical reaction when objects (such as food, herbs or medicine) present in the electromagnetic fields near to the periphery of the body without touching it.


Vector Potential : Vector Potential is  a fundamental concept in vector analysis and physics. Given a vector field V, its vector potential E is a vector field such that V = del X E. Michael Faraday found that turning off the current in a electromagnet also created an induced current in the secondary circuit, equal and opposite to the original current. Faraday attributed this unexpected current to what he called the "electrotonic" state of particles in the wire. In his Treatise on Electricity and Magnetism, James Clerk Maxwell found a mathematical expression that matched exactly Faraday’s concept of the electrotonic state. He developed a physical interpretation: the angular momentum of a localized electromagnetic field. Like a flywheel, the localized field would store energy, reacting with a counterforce to resist any change in angular momentum. This takes the form of an electromotive force which could drive a current. Maxwell termed Faraday's electrotonic state ‘magnetic vector potential’. This term appeared in Maxwell's equations, but was eliminated by Heinrich Hertz and Oliver Heavside, but has a physical significance in quantum mechanics. It has been associated with subtle energies


Zeeman effect [117]: The splitting of a spectral line into several components in the presence of a static magnetic field. It is analogous to the Stark effect, the splitting of a spectral line into several components in the presence of an electric field. The Zeeman effect is very important in applications such as nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, electron spin resonance spectroscopy, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and Mössbauer spectroscopy. It may also be utilized to improve accuracy in Atomic absorption spectroscopy. When the spectral lines are absorption lines, the effect is called Inverse Zeeman effect.

The Zeeman effect is named after the Dutch physicist Pieter Zeeman.

Zero Point Field : Physicists have discovered that empty space turns out to not be empty, but is in fact a writhing sea of energy. Scientists calculate that one teaspoon of empty space contains enough energy to boil all the oceans of the world. Seen in this perspective, physical matter can be seen more as a froth appended to the churning sea. Traditionally, physicists have ignored the effects of the quantum vacuum, saying it cancels itself out.


[1] Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences: Profile of Akira Tonomura


See Science and the Akashic Field by Ervin Laszlo Inner Traditions, 2004

[6] Biocircuits: Amazing New Tools For Energy Health; Leslie Patten. H.J. Tiburon, California 1988.

[8] Lynn McTaggart: The Field ;;

[11] The Black Hole War by Leonard Susskind

[16] Also Richard Milton Alternative Science Park Street Press 1994 p. 24 f.

[17] Carter Phipps, Evolutionaries, Harper 2012

[22] The Sacred Promise; Gary Schwarz Atrea Books 2011 p. 104



Peter Adkins Creation Revisited Richard Dawkins The Oxford Book

of Modern Science Writing Oxford Press 2008


[26] How the Hippies Saved Physics

David Kaiser Norton Publishers 2011 p. 6f.


[28] Edgar Mitchell: Nature’s Mind: The Quantum Hologram:

[30] Mitchell Waldrop Complexity

[33] New Physics and the Mind Robert Paster, Booksurge 2006


A copy of the Stanford finetuning.pdf resides in the directory /fundamental reality.


[39] Mark Seifer  Wizard: The Life and Times of Nikola Tesla: Biography of a Genius. Citadel Press 1996

[45] David Kaiser How the Hippies Saved Physics Norton Publishers 2011

[51] The Holographic Paradigm and other paradoxes edited by Ken Wilber 1982

p. 51-52.


[55] Science wars: What Scientists Know and How They Know It

Steven Goldman

Teaching Company DVD


[61] Mark Seifer  Wizard: The Life and Times of Nikola Tesla: Biography of a Genius. Citadel Press 1996


Paul Deveraux and John Mitchell: Places of Power by Paul Devereux Blandford Press 1990


[71] Universal Theory: A Model for the Theory of Everything

Mohsen Kermanshahi

Universal Publishers, 2007 p. 127 f


[82] Robert Paster New Physics and the Mind BookSurge 2006 p. 49 f


[83] Paul Davies Superforce: The Search for a Grand Unified Theory of Nature Touchstone 1984,


[85] American Institute of Physics



[86] Matrix Quantum Mechanics was proposed by Werner Heisenberg, who won the 1932 Nobel Prize in Physics
for creation of "Quantum Mechanics". Heisenberg also postulated the Uncertainty Principle:

The more precisely the position of a particle is determined, the less precisely the momentum is known.

If the variability of particle position is represented by del p, and the variability of particle momentum is represented by del m, then (del p) * (del m) is greater than or equal to Plank’s constant, h. A corollary is that if the variability of particle energy is represented by del e, and the variability of particle time at that energy is represented by del t, then (del e) * (del t) is greater than or equal to Plank’s constant. Plank's constant, h, specifies the amount of discreetness of space. If h were equal to zero, then nature would be continuous and we could measure both position and momentum exactly. Experimentally it is not zero, so although nature is largely continuous, it is also a bit discrete, and therefore uncertain.  [Heinz Pagels The Cosmic Code; Quantum Physics as the Language of Nature.  Bantum Books  1983. p. 69 f.]


Wave Quantum Mechanics was proposed by Irwin Schrodinger, known for his Wave Equation.


Transformation Quantum Mechanics was proposed by Paul Dirac, who showed that wave and matrix QM amounted to the same thing. Dirac found that a math description of an electron's wave using quantum theory is consistent with Einstein's Relativity Theory. The math allows a "+" and "-" solution, which predicts the existence of anti-electrons; ie antimatter


[105]; Some Science Adventures With Real Magic, William Tiller PhD Walter Dibble, Jr., PhD. p. 21, p.265.